Aerial Operational Limits Defined

Flying is NOT allowed under the following conditions:



  • Rain or falling snow
  • Sustained winds in excess of 10 mph – gusting up to 15 mph


  • A level surface must be found for preflight checks, takeoff and landing
  • No abrupt changes in terrain are allowed within 10 feet of landing area to prevent downwash/ground effect disruption upon landing.
  • In any condition where pilot or spotter would be required to lose visual site of Cinestar.
  • Over uncontrolled terrain – i.e. streets, crowds, roads that have not been managed by the production either with permits, Garda assistance, or with barriers keeping the general public and their property behind the ‘flight-line’.
  • Within 5 nautical miles of Terminal Controlled Air Space or approach corridors (can be permitted only with the coordination of local Air Traffic Control authority).
  • Within .5 mile of any small local runway or approach corridor (can be permitted with the coordination of local Air Traffic Authorities.)
  • Flight is never allowed over the general public unless they are part of the production AND have been briefed on flight plans and emergency procedures should the need for Emergency landing come about.  Flying is not allowed directly over people who are not paying attention and are unaware of the Camera platform.
  • Commercial Operations cannot be undertaken without an Active Insurance Policy for 3rd Party Liability Insurance.
  • Payload, outside of cameras owned by AFI, must be covered by owner’s/production company’s own insurance policy.
  • Pilot and Camera operator have to be in communication at all times (Voice activated radios required.)
  • The first flight of any day must be flown within 2 hours of a Location Hazard Avoidance Assessment.
  • Systems build and preset checklist can be completed ahead of arrival to location. Anytime anyone goes into the Radian tuning or MK2 control setups, they must leave a note in the log as to the time and date of the last system checks.
  • Full PreFlight Checklist must be done before the first flight of each day.  If more than 15 minutes OR there is a company move to a ‘new’ location, a new preflight check must be completed.
  • Anytime there is a break in filming for more than 2 minutes the cinestar must be safely landed.  It is not permitted to just hover in the air for extended periods of time.
  • Upon landing the Cinestar main batteries must be disconnected creating a safe mode while on the ground.
  • Any changes to Flight Electronics must be logged in the appropriate log book.  All checklists must be signed and dated by engineer making changes.
  • Only approved personnel may make changes to flight critical systems including flight control board and transmitter settings.
  • The Checklists within this manual serve as the master flight log. And the end of every flight (or the end of the day), the flight logs from that day will be added to the company master flight log.
  • Restricted airspace without IAA approval
  • Controlled airspace without IAA approval


  • If liability insurance is required over €2 million it must be provided by Production Company
  • The first flight of the day must be preceded by a flight briefing and safety briefing for the whole production team.  Briefing shall include safety details, emergency procedures, and limits on who can and cannot be near the Cinestar while on the ground.
  • Whenever possible, a “flight line” must be established and during aerial operations all staff who are not required to be in the filming must remain behind that safety zone.
  • If the pilot is not comfortable with a suggested flight path he/she has the sole authority to say no, without repercussions from the production company.
  • Pilot in command may never take his eyes off, or turn his back on the Cinestar while the main batteries are connected.
  • During flying, only the camera operator and the director may speak to the pilot.
  • Pilot is never allowed to run payload camera and fly.  For commercial production there must be a dedicated pilot and dedicated camera operator. (Exception can be made when gimbal is stowed and on automatic stabilization)
  • Pilot in Command (PIC) has complete authority to halt flight operations for any reason he/she chooses.
  • Maintenance and troubleshooting onsite shall be done without the eyes of the crew watching to prevent pressure on the PIC and camera engineer.
  • Maximum Payload is 12lbs.
  • All 8 motors must be functioning nominally
  • Above 100m AGL.

UAV Limitations

  • Dual Battery Operation should be considered standard operating policy.
  • Telemetry must be functional and reporting a minimum inflight report with battery status and receiver range (other parameters are optional)
  • Minimum return voltage is 14.2 volts and must be adhered to at all times.  No delay is allowed when telemetry shows the minimum power reading as Cinestar must be on the ground at 13.1 volts.   A setting of 14.2 volts provides approximately 3 minutes flight buffer to land Cinestar.